Thursday, December 13, 2018

'Modernization Theory and Classical Dependency Theory Essay\r'

' modernization theory is the offshoot of varying from a traditional or under wear outed companionship to a modern western United Statesern societies way of life. Basically, Modernization theory became the foundation stone of this evolutionary prescription(prenominal) for bringment. The theory is non homogeneousâ€numerous proponents disagreed on several key features. precisely in free outline, the theory focused on deficiencies in the poorer countries and speculated roughly ways to overcome these deficiencies. It viewed traditional society as a series of negatives: stagnant and unchanging, not innovative, not profit-making, not progressing, not growing. Modernization is the economic gain within societies and the third public did not support these economic or political transformations; it was ‘left bed’. So the task of the three virtually beingness is to transform itself from tradition to modernity. That is, to follow the footsteps of the Western terr a firma. In fact, be arouse the means is now charted, these countries can avoid the mistakes do by the West. On the former(a) hand, addiction is also not a homogeneous, unified theoryâ€serious uninflected differences persist within the school.\r\nEconomic growth in advanced countries created Third World pauperisation in its wake: not simply that the Third World is poor in comparison with the industrialised world; rather that it is poor because development of the industrial dodging in Western Europe and North the States changed and impoverished many societies of Asia, Africa and Latin America, by colonialism, imperialism and extractive name of trade. When capitalism began to spread, the ceaseless search for profit began: through with(predicate) the production of agricultural goods in colonies or new(prenominal) lands, and Western Europe’s ability to direct unequal bargains. This fundamentally changed the social structures of the Third World. The terminal figur e dependency comes from this link: Some say the growth of various regions for their raw materials and labour impoverished them and made them depend on the West. Others point out that in fact it is the other way around: that the West has been dependent on the Third World though history in order to be adapted to grow and prosper. Modernization theory sees capitalism as a creative force, ca use growth and progress.\r\nDependency sees international capitalism as the ruin of the Third World. Modernization sees rich countries as helpers of poor countries; dependency sees them as the main obstacle to the well-being of the poorer countries. non all of dependency theorists’ prescriptions ar anti-capitalism however: both(prenominal) see some good in using capitalism and protectionism to enhance national economies. Both theories begin point in damage on how develop these third world countries and address poverty. According to modernization perspective the causes of poverty are pa yable to geomorphologic restraints placed on the third world by European powers. It describes the structural restraints as unequal exchange. The declining â€Å"terms of trade” as the price of trades from the third world are decreasing, while prices from developed countries are increasing. This heart creates a circular trap as takings in third world countries are low, which declines the export prices, while wages in richer countries are increasing, which cause increases in the price of industrial goods. This means developing countries need to constantly increase their yields and exports for their profits to plosive the same. On the other hand, dependency perspective argues that the causes of poverty in third world countries are due to their traditional cultures and values.\r\nThese theories regard that in order to shape this problem poor countries can succeed through following the footsteps of developed countries. These would include invading other countries to. However , this is quite unachievable because we are now in modern time. In the case of the Philippines, I believe that we can achieve and become one of the develop countries. For example, iphone has a metal cover and iron to its midland body; the metal was produced through mining and exported to some countries. When it goes back it becomes iphone and it cost more expensive. In other words, the countries that produced metal and have limited technology are making those developed countries richer. Instead of exporting those products, utilised it within the country and profit more from it. inadequacy of technology is not the reason to depend in the western countries, impatient and being contented for what they have. They hold out’t think of the better things that they can have. The material essence of democracy was turned off and forgot that it is the recipe of the mob. If these theories are really applicable how come third world countries are still crapping and suffering from pover ty. But it is very applicable it’s just meet that the attitude and the thinking of the mint are different. wish what I have learned from Cuban people, people must change their way of thinking.\r\n'

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