Monday, February 25, 2019

A Critique of Jean Watson’s Theory of Transpersonal Caring Essay

Different views of care for gave rise to the formulation of mingled breast feeding theories that contribute greatly to the advancement and evolution of the treat duty as a whole. Some focus on the curative spirit of nurse, while others revolve around the social and ethical aspect of the employment that complements conventional medicine. Among the latter is Dr. Jean Watsons Theory of Trans soulfulnessal care, which this paper attempts to read and evaluate using J. Fawcetts Framework of Analysis and Evaluation of abstract Models of Nursing.Dr. Watsons personal views of nursing brought about the construct of the possibleness in 1979, at the time when she was a professor of nursing at the University of Colorado. Her backcloth in educational-clinical and social psychology influenced these views, along with her involvement in a nursing curriculum that sought to establish a standard to nursing that transcends settings, populations, specialty, subspecialty areas and so forth. It was an attempt to bring meaning and focus to nursing as an emerging discipline and decided wellness profession with its own queer values, knowledge and practices, with its own ethic and mission to society (Watson, 2006).Originally, Watsons opening revolved around three major elements, namely the carative factors, the transpersonal warmth relationship, and the feel for moment. She taked ten carative factors that served as guidelines for the nursing practice and basically bear on on the principles of condole with.The transpersonal condole with relationship describes how the nurse goes beyond an objective assessment, showing concerns toward the persons subjective and deeper meaning regarding their own health pull off situation, while the caring moment is defined as the moment (focal superlative in space and time) when the nurse and a nonher person come together in such a way that an occasion for human caring is created (Cara, 2003).In this context, the four essential con cepts of nursing person, environment, health, and nursing are encompassed in the opening. Being holistic in nature, the theory presents its framework as a congregation of all these concepts, centering on the person.Watson regards a person as an individual with unique qualities and unique needs. The person is recognized as a being capable of communicating with another beyond physical interaction. The person is viewed as whole and complete, regardless of illness of disease (Watson, 2006).The environment is regarded as a healing space, where the persons awareness and consciousness place expand and promote mindbodyspirit wholeness and healing (Watson, 1999). Inevitably, the state of a forbearings environment can influence an individuals state of health. The physical environment can locomote how the person can refer and exist in the spiritual environment created by transpersonal caring relationships, and could affect the effectiveness of the science of caring.Health is referred to as the unity and harmony at heart the mind, body and soul. It is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and function (Hagopian, 2007). The theory establishes that caring can promote a persons health better than the curative manner of conventional medicine. Through caring, the allot giver recognizes the condition of the recipient at a deeper level, enabling him/her to realise as needed, and provide the appropriate care needed by the enduring. With this means of understanding the patient better, there is greater chance of addressing the patients needs, creating the needed balance in his/her physical, mental, and social well-being.Watson defines nursing as a human science of persons and human health illness experiences that are talk terms by professional, personal, scientific, esthetic, and ethical human care transactions (Watson, 1988). The theory also emphasizes caring as central to nursing, and is essentially what the theory wishes to achieve. Nursing is not just about curing an illness or disease it is beyond that.It is about the nurse being able to center consciousness on the entire being of the other in order to detect his/her privileged condition, and impart genuine concern through caring moments communicated through movements, gestures, nervus facialis expressions, procedures, information, touch, sound, verbal expressions and other scientific, technical, aesthetic, and human means of communication. The utilisation of consciousness is deemed greatly important, because then the nurse exhibits commitment and sincere intention to connect with the patient at a deeper level, thus becoming an effective aid in nursing the patient back to health, physically, emotionally, and spiritually (Watson, 2006).As can be derived from what has been discussed, the theory is concerned with establishing nursing as a profession distinct from the curative nature of conventional medicine, to which it has been originally strongly associated with the original role of the nurse being to primarily care for the patient as dictated and required by disease or illness. The theory places emphasis on the transcendent and healing superior of a caring relationship divided by nurse and patient. It describes how transpersonal caring goes beyond physical reality and ventures into the spiritual, col greater possibilities of healing and well-being, as opposed to disease-based medication and regard to patient.Watsons theory has guided nursing practices in different areas, including rehabilitation centers, hospices, hospitals, and long-run care facilities. Watsons model proved to be socially significant, as well. It has served as a conceptual framework for guiding companionship health nursing practice, and has been described as philosophically congruent with contemporary orbiculate approaches to community health and health promotion (Rafael, 2000). However, this model can some(prenominal) lead to nursing activities that meet social e xpectations, and create expectations that require societal change.In this time when people think twice before trusting, nursing professionals may have to exert more conscious effort in making the connection and creating transpersonal caring relationships because beyond the hesitation, society expects the nursing community to be sympathetic, concerned, and genuinely caring of their patient. On the other hand, as transpersonal caring becomes increasingly successful in the improvement of the patients well-being, high expectations of nurses are created. This may lead to society being increasingly reliant on nurses, and less on medical technology.The effectiveness of Watsons theory has been validated with its use as a guide in some(prenominal) studies centering on caring science. It has been recommended as a guide to nursing patients with hypertension, as one means of decreasing blood pressure and maturation in quality of life, in a study made on its effectiveness on the quality of l ife and blood pressure of patients with hypertension in Turkey (Erci, Sayan, Tortumluoglu, Kilic, Sahin, & Gungormus, 2003). In another study on caring for old adults, it was established that the theory was effective in improving the quality of life and peace of mind, body, and soul of the older people, just by caring and listening attentively to what they have to say (Bernick, 2004).Through the years since the conception of the theory, Watsons work continues to evolve. In recent updates, she had offered the concept of clinical caritas processes all over the original carative factors. It basically injects more spirituality and love into the framework. Such a perspective ironically places nursing indoors its most mature framework, consistent with the Nightingale model of nursing, yet to be actualized, but awaiting its evolution within a caring-healing theory. This direction, ironically while embedded in theory, goes beyond theory and becomes a converging paradigm for nursings futu re (Watson, 2006).ReferencesBernick, L. (2004). Caring for older adults practice guided by Watsons caring-healing model. Nursing comprehension Quarterly, 17(2)128-34.Cara, C. (2003). A pragmatic view of Jean Watsons caring theory. internationalist Journal of Human Caring, 7(3), 51-61.Erci, B., Sayan, A.,Tortumluoglu, G., Kilic, D., Sahin, O., & Gungormus Z. (2003). The effectiveness of Watsons Caring Model on the quality of life and blood pressure of patients with hypertension. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 41(2), cxxx139.Hagopian, G. (2007). Nursing theorists. Retrieved February 8, 2007 from, AR. (2000). Watsons philosophy, science, and theory of human caring as a conceptual framework for guiding community health nursing practice. ANS. Advances in Nursing Science, 23(2)34-49.Watson, J. (1988). Nursing Human science and human care. A theory of nursing (2nd printing). New York National League for Nursing. Watson, J. (1999). Postmodern nursing and beyond. Toronto, Canada Churchill Livingstone.Watson, J. (2006). Dr. Jean Watsons Theory of Human Caring. Retrieved February 8, 2007 from http// inwardness/evolution.asp

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